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Noro Kaiseki (1747-1828) & Rai San'yô (1780-1832)
Nanga
Landscape
Signed: Kaiseki Ryû & San'yô gaishi
Seals: Kaiseki Ryû Ryûnen uji in & Jô in, Shisei, Tomotake (Yûchiku)(top)
Technique: sumi and red on paper 29,8 x 36,6
Mounting: grey brown crushed paper
114,5 x 52
Condition: very good

勉風吹水成細 霧 / 楊林東渡山如沐 / 忽有長虹截山 脉 / 雨足霞気相沓蹙
A stiff wind blows against the water kicking up a mist,
like a wave the willow forest washes eastwards across the mountain.
Suddenly an elongated rainbow stretches over the mountain range,
and the sun colours layers of rain-saturated clouds.


Unlike most of his literati colleagues Kaiseki was well-to-do and could afford the best teachers.

At the age of 21 he moved to Kyoto and studied for three years with Taiga (1723-76). They became good friends. After his return to his native Wakayama in 1793 to serve the daimyô as the supervisor of sake brewing, which later was extended to the supervision of the production of copper, sugar cane and timber.
During his travels he met a lot of famous literati throughout the country and became friendly with the circle of Rai San’yô (1780-1832).

Reference:
Rosenfield ‘99 B.67
Cahill p. 48
Roberts p. 64
Araki pp. 378-381

San’yô was born in Osaka when his father was teaching there. He came from an intellectual family; his father Rai Shunsui (1746-1816) was the Confucian teacher to the daimyô of Aki. San’yô’s grandfather studied Japanese poetry, his uncle Rai Kyôhei (1756-1834) was a Confucian and advisor to the Aki domain, and his mother, Rai Baishi (1760-1843), was a poet in Chinese and a scholar. Originally the family were rich merchants from the Hiroshima region.

When they returned from Osaka to Aki San’yô went to school at the age of nine. He excelled in both martial and cultural studies. In 1797 he accompanied his uncle Kyôhei to Edo and became student at the Shôheikô, the official Confucian academy. After his return a year later he was forced into a marriage that immediately collapsed. He went to Kyoto, where he ruined his life. Subsequently, his family ordered him home and put him into house arrest. After his release in 1803 he was still working on Nihon gaishi, ‘his’ history of Japan, which he finished in 1827. Five years after his death it was printed and it became a bestseller in the Meiji restoration. In 1805 he became a teacher from which job he resigned in 1811, after which he traveled Japan as a bunjin bokkaku, ink-guest. He went to Osaka to study with the poet Shinozaki Shôchiku (1781-1851) and in 1818 he traveled to Hiroshima and Nagasaki with Taigan. Back in Kyoto he joined a conservative group of Neo-Confucians exalting old Japanese values. San’yô was a most important pivot in the bunjin network.

Reference:
Rosenfield ’99 B.75
Hempel p. 168 ff.
Roberts p. 138
Araki p. 149

Price: EUR 2,000 / USD 2,240