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8. Chô Gesshô (1772-1832) & Tsuruta Takuchi (1768-1846)
haiga?
Matsuyama tori, Grouses
Signed: Gesshô, Seisei Takuchi sho
Seals: Enkyo Shiken, .. .. Ransô
Technique: colours on silk 32.3 x 76
Mounting: light blue silk and blue crushed paper
black lacquered rollers, 126.5 x 78.5
Condition: good

白山の松の木蔭にかくろひてやすらにすめる雷の鳥かな。
Shirayama no/matsu no kokage ni/kakuroite/yasura ni sumeru/rainotori kana.

On the White Mountain,
in the shade of trees,
in its hide-away,
living in peace,
the Thunderbird, the Japanese grouse!


According to a story, the thunder beast, a fox-like creature would live White Mountain (now: Hakusan) from Kaga to the Asama Mountain in Shinano (in the Japanese Alps).This beast was hunted by the thunderbird that could occasionally be seen at the summit of the White Mountain. The thunderbird is a relic of the last ice age, has a brown feather suit with white dots in the summer and is completely white in the winter, above the eyes it has a red band.
So both a mythological beast and an existing bird: The rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta), a kind of Japanese grouse, a subspecies of the grouse.

Gesshô was born in Hikone, Ômi Province as the son of a scroll mounter.
Before Gesshô moved to Nagoya he studied in Kyoto with the Nanga painter Ichikawa Unkei (1736-1803) and later with Go Shun (1752-1811) and Tanke Gessen (1721-1809). When after a number of visits in 1798 he finally went to Nagoya to settle there, Rosetsu (1754-1799) came with him. Once in Nagoya he became a leading artist with Yokoi Kinkoku (1761-1832) and Yamamoto Baiitsu (1783-1856) among his pupils. As a poet and a haiga painter he was involved in several haiga and kyôka anthologies.
Bunchô appreciated Gesshô's work and suggested that he move to Edo, but Gesshô, who was quite comfortable in Nagoya, decided to stay.

Reference:
Roberts p. 32
Araki p. 327
Hillier pp. 170-181
Fister '83 pp. 33, 34, 38

Takuchi was born in Okazaki, Mikawa Province, in a family of indigo dyers of textiles. At the age of 16 he was introduced to study with Kyôtai. At the age of 24 he walked the road in the way Bashô described in ’Oku no Hosomichi’ (The Narrow Path up North). After the death of Kyôtai, he prolonged his studies with Shirô. Takuchi's poetry is representative of the Mikawa region.
Takuchi considered painting as a hobby and he practiced a number of styles; he started by studying the Kishi style with Ishikawa Kankadô, a painter from his neighbourhood, but he expanded it later with the Yamato, the Rimpa, the Nanga and the Shijô style. At the age of 56, he retired from the dyeing business to create more time for his pupils. When 60 years old, he travelled to Nagasaki.

Reference:
Roberts p. 171
Kakimori bunko '97 p. 77
Hasselt # 24

Price: EUR 2,200 / USD 2,530